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Prostate Cancer

 

According to the American Cancer Society, 240,890, or one in six, men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in the United States this year and 33,720 will die of the disease. Yet, prostate cancer can be successfully treated if found early.

That’s why it’s important to talk to your doctor to determine if and when a prostate cancer screening is right for you. Baptist Health physicians can diagnose prostate cancer and provide the latest treatments that include radiation therapy, hormone therapy, robotic surgery and chemotherapy.

Risk Factors

  • Age: The risk for prostate cancer increases significantly after age 50 in white men who have no family history of the disease and after age 40 in African-American men and men who have a close relative with prostate cancer.  About 2/3 of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men age 65 and older.

  • Family History: Men whose relatives have had prostate cancer are considered to be at high risk. Having a father or brother with the disease more than doubles the risk of prostate cancer. Having a brother with prostate cancer appears to increase the risk more than having an affected father. That risk is even higher when there are multiple family members affected.

  • Race: Prostate cancer occurs about 60 percent more often in African-American men than in white American men and when diagnosed, is more likely to be advanced.

  • Diet: Research suggests diets high in fat from meat and dairy products may contribute to prostate cancer.

  • Symptoms
    In its early stages, prostate cancer may not have any symptoms. Prostate cancer that is more advanced may cause:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Decreased force of the stream of urine
  • Bloody urine
  • Bloody semen
  • Leg swelling
  • Pelvic discomfort
  • Bone pain

  • Diagnosis

    The American Cancer Society says men should talk to their doctors about the benefits, risks and limitations of PSA (prostate specific antigen) testing.  PSAs are usually combined with a digital rectal exam, or DRE, which check for any abnormalities in the prostate’s shape or size.

    Treatments
    Prostate cancer treatment options depend on factors such as how fast the cancer is growing, how much it has spread, overall health and the benefits and potential side effects of the treatment.

  • For very early stage prostate cancer, treatment may not be necessary right away.  Watchful waiting, or active surveillance may be recommended.
  • Radiation therapy both external beam radiation and brachytherapy, where rice-sized radioactive seeds are placed in the prostate, either permanently or temporarily.
  • Hormone therapy to stop the production of testosterone, which aids in prostate cancer cell growth.
  • Surgery, including robot-assisted prostatectomy, or removal of the prostate.
  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill prostate cancer cells.

  • To find a Baptist Health doctor who can help determine your risk, diagnose or plan your best treatment, please contact our Physician Referral Service at 786-596-6557.


    Locations
    Baptist Hospital

    8900 North Kendall Drive
    Miami, Florida 33176​
    Phone: 786-596-1960​

    South Miami Hospital

    6200 SW 73 Street
    South Miami, Florida 33143
    Phone: 786-662-4000​