Fibroids are the most frequently seen tumors of the female reproductive system. Uterine fibroids can cause pelvic pain, lower back pain, excessive menstrual bleeding and frequent urination. Some women experience constipation, bloating and abdominal swelling. Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute offers minimally invasive treatment options for uterine fibroid embolization. Our physicians work with you to help you manage and treat the disease before it has serious consequences. Our goal is to improve your health and quality of life.
For many women, treatment can relieve uterine fibroid symptoms that interfere with daily living. Treatments include:
- Watchful waiting – sometimes combined with pain relievers or anti-inflammatory medications.
- Birth control pills – to help regulate the menstrual cycle, control heavy bleeding and alleviate some of the pain and pressure.
- Hormone treatment – to aid in shrinking fibroids and stopping bleeding.
- Uterine fibroid embolization – to destroy the blood supply to the fibroids and cause them to shrink. During this nonsurgical procedure, an interventional radiologist inserts a tiny catheter into your femoral artery and threads it into your uterus under X-ray guidance. Next, the radiologist injects tiny plastic particles to block the artery feeding the fibroid.
- Endometrial ablation – to destroy the lining of the uterus using heat, microwave energy or electric current. This either ends menstruation or reduces menstrual flow.
- Myomectomy – to remove uterine fibroids through laparoscopic or robotic surgery, allowing the healthy tissues of the uterus to remain intact.
- MRI-guided focused ultrasound – to destroy fibroids using ultrasound waves.