Expert Lung Cancer Care
Miami Cancer Institute physicians have extensive experience treating lung cancer patients.
Thoracic surgical oncologist Mark Dylewski, M.D., uses the da Vinci Robotic Surgical System to remove a lobe of the lung using the Dylewski Method – a treatment approach he developed to remove lung cancer without cutting or spreading the ribs. It is increasingly becoming the preferred technique of anatomic lobectomy, and Dr. Dylewski trains physicians from around the world in this innovative method.
About Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer among men and women in the U.S. It begins with abnormal cell growth is the tissues of the lungs, usually in the lining of the main air passages.
Lung cancer can spread through your lymph system to other parts of your body. Lymph fluid, which helps fight infection, travels through your body in vessels that are similar to veins and linked by lymph nodes.
Lung cancers generally are classified into two types:
Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer, accounting for about 85 to 90 percent of all diagnoses. The types of non-small cell lung cancer are named for the types of cells and include:
- Adenocarcinoma begins in cells that line the alveoli (tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place).
- Squamous cell carcinoma, also called epidermoid carcinoma, begins in the thin, flat cells in the lungs.
- Large cell carcinoma begins in large cells anywhere in the lungs.
Small cell lung cancer, also known as oat-cell cancer, accounts for less than 20 percent of lung cancer cases. In most cases, this cancer type is caused by tobacco smoking. It tends to spread quickly to other parts of the body.
- Carcinoid tumor, salivary gland carcinoma, sarcoma and unclassified carcinoma are less common types of lung cancer.
Lung metastases are cancer that started elsewhere in the body and metastasized, or spread, to the lungs. The cancer type usually is classified by the original disease site.
Lung Cancer Risk Factors
Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer. More than 80 percent of lung cancer deaths can be attributed to smoking. Other risk factors include: (Link Smoking to Cancer Prevention in For Patients section)
- Exposure to secondhand smoke, air pollution and certain materials such as radiation, arsenic, radon, chromium, nickel, soot, tar and asbestos.
- Personal history of lung illnesses such as emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and tuberculosis.
- Radiation therapy to the breast or chest.
- Family history of lung cancer.
Symptoms of Lung Cancer
Lung cancer does not always have symptoms. If symptoms are present, they may include:
- Chronic cough
- Constant chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Recurring lung infections, such as pneumonia or bronchitis
- Bloody or rust-colored sputum
- Swelling of the neck and face
- Pain and weakness in the shoulder, arm or hand
Like many other cancers, lung cancer can cause:
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Pain in other parts of the body
- Bone fractures