Miami Cancer Institute’s multidisciplinary team of experts provides the safest, most effective therapies to target kidney cancer, while minimizing the side effects of treatment. Our physicians use sophisticated techniques and conduct innovative studies and clinical trials to improve outcomes for all kidney cancer patients.
About Kidney Cancer
The kidneys filter blood, and the waste is expelled in urine. You have two kidneys, one on each side of the upper abdomen, close to the back. It is possible to live with one kidney, or even a partially functioning kidney.
Kidney cancer forms in tissues of the kidneys. Renal cell carcinoma, which forms in the lining of small tubes that filter blood and remove waste, is the most common form of kidney cancer.
Kidney Cancer Risk Factors
Smoking is the key risk factor for kidney cancer. Men are more than twice as likely as women to get the disease, and people of African-American or American Indian descent have a slightly higher rate of incidence.
Other kidney cancer risk factors include:
- Over age 50.
- High blood pressure.
- Advanced kidney disease and long-term kidney dialysis.
- Exposure to asbestos, benzene, herbicides and organic solvents and cadmium and coke, which are used in making steel.
- Rare inherited conditions such as von Hippel-Lindau disease or hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma.
- Family history of kidney disease.
Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
Most people with kidney cancer do not experience symptoms until the cancer is advanced. If symptoms are present, the most common are:
- Blood in the urine.
- Chronic fever.
- Chronic fatigue.
- Dull pain in the abdomen or lower back.
- Loss of appetite and weight loss.
- Swelling in the ankles and legs.