At Miami Cancer Institute, our goal is to diagnose colon and rectal cancers early, when treatments are most effective.
Our world-class colorectal team combines a multidisciplinary approach to accurately diagnose and treat your cancer, with the goal of preserving your bowel function and quality of life. Our surgeons are experts in minimally-invasive techniques, including robotic and laparoscopic surgeries, for smaller incisions, less pain and quicker recovery.
Colorectal cancer starts in the colon or rectum, often beginning as a polyp or growth of tissue that starts in the lining and grows into the center of the colon or rectum. If the polyp is an adenoma, it can become cancerous if not detected and removed early. A little more than 5 percent of Americans will develop colon or rectal cancer in their lifetimes.
Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors
Factors that may increase your risk of colon cancer include:
- Over age 50
- African-American race
- Personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps and inflammatory intestinal conditions such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease
- Inherited syndromes such as familial adenomatous polyposis and Lynch syndrome
- Family history of colon cancer
- Low-fiber, high-fat diet
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Alcohol and tobacco use
Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer
Talk to your doctor if you have one or more of the following symptoms for more than two weeks:
- Abdominal pain and/or bloating
- Blood and/or change in the stool
- Change in appetite
- Chronic diarrhea or constipation
- Discomfort or urge to have a bowel movement
- Rectal bleeding
- Unexplained weight loss