Interventional oncology is a relatively new cancer care specialty that is helping oncologists treat some cancers more effectively. As a subspecialty of interventional radiology, it uses imaging technologies and very small tools to diagnose and treat cancer through minimally invasive procedures.
Image-guided minimally invasive procedures benefit you because, unlike traditional open surgeries, they don’t require large incisions. In many cases, incisions are less than 1 inch. This helps you recover faster with fewer side effects.
Interventional oncology may be helpful at any phase of your cancer care. Your care team may suggest an interventional procedure to diagnose or stage your cancer, as a complement to other cancer treatments, or as a form of palliative medicine.
At Miami Cancer Institute at Baptist Health South Florida, interventional oncology procedures are performed by radiologists with advanced training in cancer care and interventional radiology – called interventional oncologists. Our interventional oncologists are leaders in their field with many years of experience caring for cancer patients. They are also research leaders, contributing to the development of new cancer treatment options.
What interventional procedures and treatments are available?
Interventional oncology procedures and treatments at Miami Cancer Institute can include:
- Image-guided needle biopsies, which may help your care team diagnose and stage your cancer more accurately.
- Central venous access catheter placement for delivery of cancer drugs, blood transfusions or IV fluids.
- Cryoablation, which destroys tumors with extreme cold and can ease pain.
- Embolization to cut off blood supply to a tumor before surgery.
- Microwave or radiofrequency ablation to destroy tumors with heat.
- Chemoembolization, which injects chemotherapy directly into a tumor.
- Advanced selective internal radiation therapy for liver cancer.
- Inferior vena cava filter placement to treat leg blood clots that develop because of cancer.
- Vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty or pedicle screw placement to treat fractures from spine tumors.
- Stent placement to treat blockages associated with bile duct, colorectal, esophageal or tracheobronchial cancer.
Our interventional oncologists use computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)and positron emission tomography (PET) to gain real-time views of the body. This sophisticated imaging technology is critical to performing complex interventional oncology procedures with precision.
What cancer conditions are treated with interventional oncology?
Conditions that may benefit from interventional oncology include: