Most growths on the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck, are thyroid nodules and are not cancerous, but may still need to be removed or treated. Thyroid cancers generally grow slowly and respond well to treatment if they are diagnosed and treated promptly and properly. If you have been diagnosed with thyroid nodules or thyroid cancer, you will want to know all your options — and how to make the best decisions for a healthy future. Miami Cancer Institute offers options that are not widely available elsewhere.
What are thyroid tumors?
Thyroid tumors form in the tissue of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is at the base of your throat near your voice box and releases hormones that help regulate heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, metabolism and more.
Thyroid tumors can be cancerous or noncancerous. Noncancerous tumors, or thyroid nodules, may cause symptoms and need treatment.
Thyroid cancer is the most rapidly increasing cancer diagnosis in the United States, the fifth most common cancer in women and the most common cancer in women aged 20 to 34. About 2 percent of cases occur in children and teens. Though men are much less likely to develop thyroid cancer than women, women have higher survival rates. The overall survival rate is more than 95 percent.