Are you thinking about catching up on your favorite television shows during the long holiday weekend? You may want to think twice about sitting down for a TV marathon. Watching television in a binge session can be fatal, according to a new study presented by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).
“Prolonged television watchers have a higher risk of fatal pulmonary embolism, a condition associated with long [airline] flights, reveals research presented at ESC Congress by Mr. Toru Shirakawa, public health research fellow in the Department of Social Medicine at Osaka University in Japan,” according to a press release  from ESC.
The study is the first to examine the link between pulmonary embolism and binge television watching. Earlier studies have addressed the link between pulmonary embolism and prolonged sitting, especially during long airline flights.
Past studies have also linked sitting too much to other diseases.
“You can develop disabilities from ‘sitting disease’ because you’re not moving muscles and joints and there is less blood flow,” said Cindy Shaffer , M.D., a Baptist Health Medical Group doctor with Baptist Health Primary Care . “Less blood flow negatively affects blood pressure, cholesterol and your overall heart health. Sitting for too long also increases insulin resistance and increases the possibility of diabetes.”
What Is Pulmonary Embolism?
Pulmonary embolism refers to a blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries of the lungs. In most cases, the condition is caused by blood clots that travel to the lungs from the legs or, rarely, other parts of the body (deep vein thrombosis). Risk factors include heart disease, certain cancers, prolonged bed rest or sitting, smoking and being overweight. The estrogen in birth control pills and in hormone replacement therapy can increase the risk of clotting.
The symptoms of pulmonary embolism include:
- Chest pain.
- Difficulty breathing.
The 18-year study tracked more than 86,000 men and women — ages 40 to 79 — who watched television for several hours a day on average. Those who watched at least five hours of TV daily had double the risk of experiencing fatal pulmonary embolism as those who watched TV for 2.5 hours a day.
“We showed that prolonged television viewing may be a risky behavior for death from pulmonary embolism,” according to Mr. Shirakawa, the lead researcher. “Leg immobility during television viewing may in part explain the finding. To prevent the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, we recommend the same preventive behavior used against economy class syndrome. That is, take a break, stand up, and walk around.”
The study began in 1988 and 1990, and participants were tracked for 18.5 years. Participants answered a questionnaire about television watching habits. Using death certificates, deaths from pulmonary embolism were identified. Pulmonary embolism was the cause of 59 deaths from the group of the study participants, and binge TV watchers had double the risk. Study results were adjusted to account for other factors such as gender, diabetes, smoking, physical activity, weight and other health conditions.